The hottest World Autism day makes the children of

2022-08-08
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World Autism day makes "children of stars" no longer lonely

release date: Source: China

around us, there are such a group of children, who are called "children of stars". They always seem to be immersed in their own world, and it is difficult for people to enter their hearts

today is World Autism day. Autism is also known as autism. Data show that the number of autistic people in China is more than 10million, and the number of autistic children is more than 2million

how to find and heal children's hearts in time to make "stars" no longer lonely

a group that cannot be ignored

Chinese autistic children or more than 2million

mention "loneliness" and "autism". People always seem to associate with "withdrawn personality" and "psychological problems", but from a professional perspective, autism is a widespread and serious developmental disorder. Children with autism are mainly manifested in social interaction and social communication disorders, as well as narrow interests and rigid repetitive behavior patterns

it is estimated that there are more than 10million autistic people and more than 2million autistic children in China. Autism has become a global public health problem that seriously affects children's health, and the World Health Organization ranks it as the first child mental disease

"this disease will cause varying degrees of damage to children's social interaction ability, academic and other functions." Zhang Lili, chief physician of the health care department of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, said that childhood is the period of the strongest individual growth and development, the fastest change and the greatest plasticity. In order to diagnose this kind of disease in time and start the training of precautions for changing the operation of the experimental machine as soon as possible, so as to actively improve the long-term prognosis of children, so that children can integrate into collective and social life as soon as possible, and it is particularly important to detect loneliness like symptoms in the development process of children as soon as possible

but in reality, due to limited cognition and other reasons, it is often difficult for parents to find the inner abnormalities of their children

Zhang Lili remembers a two-year-old child. Before the diagnosis, because she had been playing by herself, her mother didn't find anything strange and always thought the child was very good. "Until she found that the child spoke late, didn't respond by calling his name, basically didn't look at his family, and didn't stick to her mother and mother to play together. Her mother took the child to the hospital for treatment, and then she was judged to be autistic."

"the mother of the child was very sad. After being persuaded by the doctor, she actively carried out rehabilitation treatment. She came back for a follow-up visit a year later, and the child's condition improved." Zhang Lili said

experts said that if parents can find the differences of autistic children as soon as possible, they can win very valuable opportunities for medical treatment and early intervention, which can significantly improve the outcome of autistic children

how to detect autism as soon as possible

don't look, ignore, don't say... Children should pay attention to these behaviors

in daily life, what are the abnormal behaviors of the child when the piston is connected with the worm gear through the fixture? For different age stages, experts suggest that parents should pay attention to these special performances of their children

"first of all, in infancy, children's physiological and psychological needs are abnormal." Zhang Lili said that from a physiological point of view, children in infancy sleep too little or too much, cry very weak or scream, or appear particularly quiet, abnormal irritability, not easy to be comforted, feeding difficulties and other conditions, which should be paid attention to by parents

in addition, experts believe that social activities have appeared in the early stage of life. When the mother lactates or smiles at the baby, even the baby of three or four months old will respond. If the child hears the voice and ignores it, does not look at it, does not say it, does not laugh, and cannot recognize it, it may also be a manifestation of autism

"for example, they don't respond to sound or can't look after objects, don't look at faces, don't look after moving faces or objects, don't make a sound or rarely laugh when they are teased, can't distinguish the faces of their mothers or caregivers and strangers, don't have much intimacy with their mothers, don't have vigilance, fear and avoidance behavior towards strangers, lack of curiosity, and have a narrow range of interests." Zhang Lili said

experts point out that after the child is 1 year old, if he does not respond to language instructions, acquaintances call his name as if he did not hear it, avoid others' eyes, and lack nonverbal communication with people, which can not be ignored

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drawing: Lei Yuzhu

introduction of Zhang Lili, "In the early childhood of children, if children lag behind children of the same age in major sports, and learn to walk, they like to run constantly and aimlessly, lack symbolic games, lack imagination and creativity, are not interested in the surrounding environment and children's activities, and have rigid behaviors. Parents should pay attention to them if they only recognize a fixed route, like toys and eating habits."

by the pre-school age of children, their communication needs and abilities with the environment will further reflect the problem. "Carefully observe whether the child has the requirements of contacting the environment or communicating, whether he likes playing alone, whether he can't make friends, whether he can understand the pretend game, and whether he can integrate daily activities into the game with an error of no more than 0.10/1000?"

in addition, experts also listed more specific performances. For example, children have communication difficulties, often hear short sentences from others or on TV, have poor language development, and tend to use gestures and gestures to express what they desire. Another example is that children have a strong reaction to changes in the environment and the rules of daily life, which is very rigid

"it is also an important performance that children have difficulties in training their urination and defecation, children can't control their urination and defecation, children don't care about others' feelings, and they don't obey the rules." Zhang Lili said

how to help autistic children

experts: parental care and scientific treatment

early detection, early diagnosis, early intervention and early treatment are the key to scientific treatment of autism

experts emphasized that the sooner the intervention, the better. There is no doubt that the children with confirmed diagnosis should be intervened immediately. As children are in the early stage of development, even the most professional psychiatrists and developmental behavioral pediatricians cannot make an immediate diagnosis for some children. At this time, parents should not hold the idea of "wait a moment" and "have a look again". Regardless of the diagnosis or suspected diagnosis of autism, they should intervene as soon as possible

at present, if the methods of autism treatment are applied, Xing can compare with the electronic experimental machine, such as behavior analysis, structured education, interpersonal relationship development intervention, floor time, key behavior training technology, early Denver intervention mode, etc. Experts said that different children need to formulate plans according to specific conditions, and parents are advised to choose formal rehabilitation institutions and use scientific intervention methods

in addition, experts further pointed out that autistic children need more care from parents

"it should be noted that when caring for small month old infants, parents are advised to raise the infants in person and increase parent-child communication with the infants," Zhang Lili said. For example, in the process of feeding and nursing, talk and tease the infants with emotion, and respond to the infants with smiles, sounds or nods

experts said that as infants grow older, they should gradually cultivate their regular eating, sleeping and other living habits, and play parent-child games such as looking in the mirror, hiding cats and looking for sound sources with infants. "Under the condition of ensuring the safety of infants, parents can help them expand the scope of activities, encourage contact with the external environment and people, and help infants recognize the different expressions of others."

"for children, we should give them the opportunity to explore the environment, express their wishes and emotions, guide and encourage them to play some functional games and do simple housework." Zhang Lili said that guiding children to imitate feeding and sleeping dolls, encouraging them to help parents clean up toys, sweep the floor and help take things, can cultivate children's ability to interact with people to a certain extent, and further provide opportunities to play with children

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